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Preventing the next Pandemic by Elizabeth Morales

“Ultimately, no. They are probably going to happen,” said Amanda Cackler, director of quality and safety for The University of Kansas Hospital. In the future, there is a probability that pandemics will arise, due to increasing global populations, climate change, and the changing human-animal dynamics. 

The shortage of healthcare professionals presents further difficulties. When individuals are trained to respond to any infectious disease, pandemics are kept from expanding. However, across the globe, fewer people are competent to take on the challenge. Nonetheless, preventive measures we learned during COVID-19, such as regular hand washing, mask-wearing, and surface disinfection,avert the spread of infectious diseases. 

Countries need to collaborate in monitoring the emergence of new pathogens and the development of vaccines. This is to address the root causes of zoonotic diseases. Policymakers argued to have chosen the best plan to address future pandemics by “detecting and containing emerging zoonotic threats,” Meaning we take action only after humans become sick. People are advocating for newer strategies for controlling emerging zoonotic threats. Extensive research demonstrates the transmission of viruses from animals to humans as the primary source of pandemic risk. Yearly lives are lost and there are economic damages caused by zoonoses over the past century.  Looking at the “Frequency” of zoonotic pandemics many deaths have occurred not only in the U.S. but in other countries and continents as well. Many resources had to be provided and used when the outbreaks increased numbers of costs. In the U.S only a greater rise happened in 1975 and 1998. The rise began Establishing a global project focused on discovering viruses, and using an unbiased reaction-based method will help limit the damage caused by pandemics. Veterinarians monitor disease outbreaks, being the principal proponents of the One Health concept, integrating human and animal welfare broadly and infectious diseases in particular (42), benefiting livestock and wild animal populations are at risk of pathogens.

1. Bernstein, A. S., Ando, A. W., Loch-Temzelides, T., Vale, M. M., Li, B. V., Li, H., Busch, 

J., Chapman, C. A., Kinnaird, M., Nowak, K., Castro, M. C., Zambrana-Torrelio, C., Ahumada, J. A., Xiao, L., Roehrdanz, P., Kaufman, L., Hannah, L., Daszak, P., Pimm, S. L., . . . Dobson, A. P. (2022). The costs and benefits of primary prevention of zoonotic pandemics. Science Advances. 

2. 42T. R. Kelly, W. B. Karesh, C. K. Johnson, K. V. K. Gilardi, S. J. Anthony, T. Goldstein, 

S. H. Olson, C. Machalaba, J. A. K. Mazet, One health proof of concept: Bringing a transdisciplinary approach to surveillance for zoonotic viruses at the human-wild animal interface. Prev. Vet. Med. 137, 112–118 (2017).  

3. Medicine’s Most Intriguing Mysteries

4. Bernstein, Aaron, et al. “The Costs and Benefits of Primary Prevention of Zoonotic Pandemics.” 

Science Advances, vol. 8, no. 5, Feb. 2022,

5. “Three Practical Actions Could Help Prevent the Next Pandemic.” News, 10 Feb. 2022, 

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